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Vocational Education and Guidance of Negroes : Report of a Survey Conducted by the Office of Education. Bulletin, 1937, No. 38 /

Ambrose Caliver.

Book Cover
Main Author: Caliver, Ambrose.
Published: [Place of publication not identified] : Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse, 1938.
Topics: Educational History. | African American Education. | Career Guidance. | National Surveys. | Disadvantaged. | Rural Areas. | Urban Areas. | Employment Opportunities. | Racial Discrimination. | Educational Opportunities. | Vocational Education. | Statistical Data. | Elementary Secondary Education. | Postsecondary Education. | Black Colleges. | Federal Aid. | Enrollment. | High School Students. | Agricultural Education. | Home Economics Education. | Teacher Education. | Vocational Education Teachers. | Private Education. | Questionnaires. | Land Grant Universities. | School Segregation. | Occupational Surveys. | Occupational Information. | Federal Legislation. | Educational Legislation.
Genres: Historical Materials. | Reports, Research.
Online Access: ERIC - Full text online
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035 |a(ERIC)ED542625
040 |aUIU|beng|cUIU|dUIU|dUIUdb
049 |aUIUU|unouc
086 0 |aED 1.310/2:542625
100 1 |aCaliver, Ambrose.
245 10|aVocational Education and Guidance of Negroes :|bReport of a Survey Conducted by the Office of Education. Bulletin, 1937, No. 38 /|cAmbrose Caliver.
264 1|a[Place of publication not identified] :|bDistributed by ERIC Clearinghouse,|c1938.
300 |a1 online resource (145 pages)
336 |atext|btxt|2rdacontent
337 |acomputer|bc|2rdamedia
338 |aonline resource|bcr|2rdacarrier
500 |aAvailability: Office of Education, United States Department of the Interior.|5ericd
500 |aAbstractor: ERIC.|5ericd
500 |aEducational level discussed: Adult Education.
500 |aEducational level discussed: Elementary Secondary Education.
500 |aEducational level discussed: High Schools.
500 |aEducational level discussed: Higher Education.
500 |aEducational level discussed: Postsecondary Education.
506 |aAccess rights: Yes.|2ericd
516 |aText (Historical Materials).
516 |aText (Reports, Research).
520 |aPeople in all walks of life have found it necessary to make adjustments to new occupational situations resulting from recent developments in science and technology. Although Negroes have shown exceptional capacity in the past to adopt the American social and economic order, they are finding it difficult to adjust themselves to the present modern industrial society. This is not surprising, for adjustments required today are quite different from those required in the past, and are taxing the best thought and energies of the most advanced people. The problems resulting from this situation have been made especially acute for Negroes. One such problem is the reduction in the number of jobs. As simple manual occupations became mechanized white persons sought the jobs formerly held by Negroes, which, under changed conditions, demanded new skills and knowledge and which paid higher wages. In many cases, Negroes were not prepared to meet the new demands of these jobs, and in other cases they were not employed if white persons were available. In addition to losing jobs formerly held, Negroes have found few opportunities in the new occupations resulting from recent technological progress. The problem has been accentuated by: (1) lack of education; (2) lack of educational opportunities and adaptation of education to needs; (3) lack of versatility and skill arising from limited occupational experience; and (4) attitude toward work. Studies have been made in addition to the present survey, which show the following educational conditions among Negroes: (1) A high illiteracy rate; (2) high pupil mortality; (3) large numbers of children who are overage; (4) large numbers of children out of school; (5) poor school attendance; (6) lack of operation of compulsory school attendance laws; (7) lack of schools; (8) lack of general curriculum and extracurriculum offerings; (9) lack of vocational-offerings and guidance; and (10) lack of adequate financial support. As a result of such problems the Office of Education became interested, and in 1935 was granted $234,934 through Federal emergency funds to conduct the National Survey of Vocational Education and Guidance of Negroes. The purpose of this survey was to investigate the opportunities and facilities for vocational education and guidance of Negroes in rural and urban communities. Appended are: (1) Additional Statistical Data; and (2) Organization, Personnel, and Inquiry Forms. (Contains 6 figures and 93 tables.) Individual chapters contain footnotes. [Best copy available has been provided.]
524 |aOffice of Education, United States Department of the Interior.|2ericd
650 07|aEducational History.|2ericd
650 07|aAfrican American Education.|2ericd
650 07|aCareer Guidance.|2ericd
650 07|aNational Surveys.|2ericd
650 07|aDisadvantaged.|2ericd
650 07|aRural Areas.|2ericd
650 07|aUrban Areas.|2ericd
650 07|aEmployment Opportunities.|2ericd
650 07|aRacial Discrimination.|2ericd
650 07|aEducational Opportunities.|2ericd
650 07|aVocational Education.|2ericd
650 07|aStatistical Data.|2ericd
650 07|aElementary Secondary Education.|2ericd
650 07|aPostsecondary Education.|2ericd
650 07|aBlack Colleges.|2ericd
650 07|aFederal Aid.|2ericd
650 07|aEnrollment.|2ericd
650 07|aHigh School Students.|2ericd
650 07|aAgricultural Education.|2ericd
650 07|aHome Economics Education.|2ericd
650 07|aTeacher Education.|2ericd
650 07|aVocational Education Teachers.|2ericd
650 07|aPrivate Education.|2ericd
650 07|aQuestionnaires.|2ericd
650 07|aLand Grant Universities.|2ericd
650 07|aSchool Segregation.|2ericd
650 07|aOccupational Surveys.|2ericd
650 07|aOccupational Information.|2ericd
650 07|aFederal Legislation.|2ericd
650 07|aEducational Legislation.|2ericd
653 0 |aMorrill Act 1890|aSmith Hughes Act
655 7|aHistorical Materials.|2ericd
655 7|aReports, Research.|2ericd
710 2 |aUnited States Department of the Interior, Office of Education (ED)
856 40|3ERIC - Full text online|uhttps://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED542625

Staff View for: Vocational Education and Guidance of Neg