Table of Contents for: Grazing management

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Grazing management /

John F. Vallentine.

Book Cover
Main Author: Vallentine, John F.
Published: San Diego : Academic Press, ©2001.
Edition: 2nd ed.
Topics: Grazing - Management. | Range management. | Forage plants. | Pâturage - Gestion. | Pâturages - Exploitation. | Plantes fourragères. | TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING - Agriculture - Agronomy - Crop Science.
Genres: Electronic books.
Online Access: ScienceDirect - Full text online
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Preface. -- Introduction to Grazing: -- The Role of Grazing Management. -- Kinds of Grazing Lands. -- Grazing Management Applications. -- Grazing as an Ecosystem Component. -- The Importance of Grazing. -- Grazing and Land Use Planning. -- Grazing Herbivore Nutrition: -- Ruminants vs. Cecal Herbivores. -- Nutrient Requirements. -- Nutrient Levels in Forages and Ingesta. -- Anti-quality Agents in Plants. -- Animal Nutritional Balance: -- Forage-Animal Plans. -- Monitoring Grazing Animal Nutrition. -- Supplementation Practices. -- Grazing Seasons and Seasonal Balance: -- The Forage Growth Cycle. -- Determinants of the Grazing Season. -- Seasonal Tolerance of Defoliation. -- Balancing Seasonal Supply and Demand. -- Complementary Grazing Programs. -- Grazing Effects on Plants and Soil: -- Grazing Effects in Perspective. -- Defoliation and Plant Morphology. -- Defoliation and Plant Physiology. -- Physical Effects on Plants. -- Grazing Effects on Soil. -- Grazing Activities/Behavior: -- Ingestive Behavior. -- Daily Activities: Time Spent. -- Daily Activities: Time of Day. -- Spatial Patterns in Grazing: -- Spatial Foraging Decisions. -- Memory, Past Experience, and Training. -- Determinants of Grazing Distribution. -- Forage Factors in Site Selection. -- Non-forage Vegetation Factors. -- Slope and Related Physical Factors. -- Distance from Water. -- Outside Disruption. -- Manipulating Grazing Distribution: -- The Tools of Distribution. -- Drinking Water Requirements. -- Locating Drinking Water. -- Fencing. -- Herding and Handling. -- Salting and Supplementation. -- Other Site Attractants. -- Special Problem: Riparian Zones. -- Plant Selection in Grazing: -- Selectivity. -- Palatability (Plant). -- Preference (Animal). -- Patch Grazing: Problem or Benefit. -- Kind and Mix of Grazing Animals: -- Choice of Animal Species. -- Kind of Animal. -- Mixed Species Grazing. -- Alternative Large Herbivores. -- Interspecific Sociality. -- Competition under Mixed Grazing. -- Grazing Animal Intake and Equivalence: -- Forage Dry Matter Intake. -- Animal Equivalence and the Animal Unit Month. -- Forage Allocation. -- Grazing Capacity Inventory: -- Relationships Among Stocking Variables. -- Utilization Guidelines. -- Setting Initial Stocking Rates. -- Dynamics of Grazing Capacity. -- Grazing Intensity: -- Overgrazing vs. Overstocking. -- Grazing Intensity Effects on Vegetation and Site. -- Grazing Intensity Effects on Animals and Economics. -- Managing Forage Production Fluctuations. -- Grazing Methods: -- Introduction to Special Grazing Techniques. -- Role of Special Grazing Techniques. -- Adapting Special Grazing Techniques. -- Continuous Grazing Methods. -- Seasonal Suitability Grazing Methods. -- Deferred/Rested Grazing Methods. -- High-Intensity Grazing Methods. -- Grazing Systems: -- Development of Grazing Systems. -- Rotation Grazing. -- Deferred Grazing Systems. -- Rest Grazing Systems. -- High-Intensity/Low Frequency (HILF) Grazing Systems. -- Short-Duration Grazing System. -- Grazing System Effects on Game Animals. -- Grazing as an Environmental Tool: -- Manipulative Benefits of Animal Grazing. -- Biological Plant Control by Grazing. -- Manipulating Animal Habitat by Grazing. -- Grazing to Aid Forage Plant Seeding. -- Grazing and Forest Regeneration. -- Appendix. -- Glossary. -- Literature Cited. -- Index.
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Table of Contents for: Grazing management