Research and writing: from planning to production / Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams -- Overview of part 1 -- What research is and how researchers think about it -- How researchers think about their aims -- Three kinds of questions that researchers ask -- Moving from a topic to a question to a working hypothesis -- Find a question in your topic -- Propose some working answers -- Build a storyboard to plan and guide your work -- Organize a writing support group -- Finding useful sources -- Understand the kinds of sources readers expect you to use -- Record your sources fully, accurately, and appropriately -- Search for sources systematically -- Evaluate sources for relevance and reliability -- Look beyond the usual kinds of references -- Engaging sources -- Read generously to understand, then critically to engage and evaluate --Take notes systematically --Take useful notes -- Write as you read -- Review your progress -- Manage moments of normal panic -- Planning your argument -- What a research argument is and is not -- Build your argument around answers to readers' questions --Turn your working hypothesis into a claim -- Assemble the elements of your argument -- Distinguish arguments based on evidence from arguments based on warrants -- Assemble an argument -- Planning a first draft -- Avoid unhelpful plans -- Create a plan that meets your readers' needs -- File away leftovers -- Drafting your report -- Draft in the way that feels most comfortable -- Develop productive drafting habits -- Use your key terms to keep yourself on track -- Quote, paraphrase, and summarize appropriately -- Integrate quotations into your text -- Use footnotes and endnotes judiciously -- Interpret complex or detailed evidence before you offer it -- Be open to surprises -- Guard against inadvertent plagiarism -- Guard against inappropriate assistance -- Work through chronic procrastination and writer's block -- Presenting evidence in tables and figures -- Choose verbal or visual representations -- Choose the most effective graphic -- Design tables and figures -- Communicate data ethically -- Revising your draft -- Check your introduction, conclusion, and claim -- Make sure the body of your report is coherent -- Check your paragraphs -- Let your draft cool, then paraphrase it -- Writing your final introduction and conclusion -- Draft your final introduction -- Draft your final conclusion -- Write your title last -- Revising sentences -- Focus on the first seven or eight words of a sentence -- Diagnose what you read -- Choose the right word -- Polish it off -- Give it up and print it out -- Learning from your returned paper -- Find general principles in specific comments -- Talk to your instructor -- Presenting research in alternative forums -- Plan your oral presentation -- Design your presentation to be listened to -- Plan your poster presentation -- Plan your conference proposal -- On the spirit of research -- Source citation -- General introduction to citation practices -- Reasons for citing your sources -- Requirements of citation -- Two citation styles -- Citation of electronic sources -- Preparation of citations -- Word on citation software -- Notes-bibliography style: the basic form -- Basic patterns -- Bibliographies -- Notes -- Short forms for notes -- Notes-bibliography style: citing specific types of sources -- Books -- Journal articles -- Magazine articles -- Newspaper articles -- Additional types of published sources -- Unpublished sources -- Informally published electronic sources -- Sources in the visual and performing arts -- Public documents -- One source quoted in another -- Parenthetical citations-reference list style : the basic form -- Basic patterns -- Reference lists -- Parenthetical citations -- Parenthetical citations-reference list style: citing specific types of sources -- Books -- Journal articles -- Magazine articles -- Newspaper articles -- Additional types of published sources -- Unpublished sources -- Informally published electronic sources -- Sources in the visual and performing arts -- Public documents -- One source quoted in another -- Style -- Spelling -- Plurals -- Possessives -- Compounds and words formed with prefixes -- Line breaks -- Punctuation -- Period -- Comma -- Semicolon -- Colon -- Question mark -- Exclamation point -- Hyphen and dashes -- Parentheses and brackets -- Slashes -- Quotation marks -- Multiple punctuation marks -- Names, special terms, and titles of works -- Names -- Special terms -- Titles of works -- Numbers -- Words or numerals? -- Plurals and punctuation -- Date systems -- Numbers used outside the text -- Abbreviations -- General principles -- Names and titles -- Geographical terms -- Time and dates -- Units of measure -- Bible and other sacred works -- Abbreviations in citations and other scholarly contexts -- Quotations -- Quoting accurately and avoiding plagiarism -- Incorporating quotations into your text -- Modifying quotations -- Tables and figures -- General issues -- Tables -- Figures -- Appendix : Paper format and submission -- General format requirements -- Format requirements for specific elements -- Submission requirements -- Bibliography -- Authors -- Index.
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