Table of Contents for: Encyclopedia of African American history

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Encyclopedia of African American history, 1896 to the present : from the age of segregation to the twenty-first century /

editor in chief, Paul Finkelman.

Book Cover
Names: Finkelman, Paul,
Published: New York : Oxford University Press, 2009.
Topics: African Americans - History - Encyclopedias. | African Americans - History - 1877-1964 - Encyclopedias. | African Americans - History - 1964- - Encyclopedias. | African Americans - Biography - Encyclopedias.
Regions: Schwarze - USA - Geschichte 20. Jh - W├Ârterbuch. | USA. | Schwarze.
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v. 1. A-C -- v. 2. D-I -- v. 3. J-N -- v. 4. O-T -- v. 5. U-Y, Chronology, Index.
List Of Entries -- Volume 1: -- Aaron, Hank -- Abernathy, Ralph David -- Abu-Jamal, Mumia -- Abyssinian Baptist Church -- Actors and actresses -- Adoption -- Affirmative Action -- Africa, idea of -- African blood brotherhood -- African Diaspora -- African Liberation Support Committee -- Afro-American Council -- Afrocentrism -- Agriculture and agricultural labor -- AIDS -- Ailey, Alvin -- Alabama -- Alabama State University -- Alaska -- Albany Movement -- Alcorn State University -- Ali, Muhammad -- Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater -- AME Church -- AME Church review -- Amenia Conferences -- Amenia Conference of 1916 -- Amenia Conference of 1933 -- American Colonization Society -- American dilemma -- American Negro Academy -- American Negro Labor Congress -- AME Zion Church -- Amos 'n' Andy -- Amsterdam news -- Anderson, Charles William -- Anderson, Eddie -- Anderson, Marian -- Angelou, Maya -- Anna T Jeanes Fund -- Antiapartheid -- Anticommunism and civil rights -- Antilynching campaign -- Antiwar movement, Vietnam -- Apollo theater -- Aptheker, Herbert -- Architects and architecture -- Arizona -- Arkansas -- Armstrong, Louis -- Asante, Molefi -- Ashe, Arthur -- Associated Negro Press -- Association for the study of African American life and history -- Astronauts -- Atlanta -- Atlanta exposition address (Atlanta compromise) -- Atlantia Life Insurance Company -- Atlanta riot -- Atlanta University -- Atlanta world -- Baker, Ella -- Baker, Josephine -- Baker, Ray Stannard -- Baldwin, James -- Baltimore -- Baltimore Afro-American -- Bambara, Toni Cade -- Banks, Ernie -- Banks, Tyra -- Banks, African American-owned -- Baptist Church, African Americans and -- Baraka, Amiri -- Barbershops -- Barnett, Ferdinand L -- Barry, Marion -- Barthe, Richmond -- Baseball -- Negro Leagues -- Integrated professional baseball -- Basie, Count -- Basketball -- Basquiat, Jean-Michel -- Bass, Charlotta -- Bassett, Angela -- Bates, Daisy Lee -- Bearden, Romare -- Belafonte, Harry -- Bell, Cool Papa -- Bell, Derrick -- Belton, Sharon Sayles -- Benevolent Societies -- Benga, Ota -- Bennett, Gwendolyn -- Bennett, Lerone -- Berry, Chuck -- Berry, Halle -- Berry, Mary F -- Bethune, Mary McLeod -- Bethune-Cookman College -- Beyonce -- Biggers, John -- Bing, Dave -- Birmingham campaign -- Birth of a nation -- Birth of a race -- Black Arts Movement -- Black Cabinets -- Black Capitalism -- Black Church -- Black Coaches Association -- Black Entertainment Television -- Black-Jewish Relations -- Black Liberation Army -- Black Migration -- Black Nationalism -- Black Panther Party -- Black Politics -- Black Power Movement -- Black Press -- Black Radical Congress -- Black Star Line -- Black Studies -- Black Towns -- Black Workers Congress -- Black Workers For Justice -- Blake, Eubie -- Blakey, Art -- Blaxploitation Films -- Blige, Mary J -- Blues -- Boas, Franz -- Bo Diddley -- Bond, Horace Mann -- Bond, Julian -- Bonds, Barry -- Bontemps, Arna -- Boston -- Boston Guardian -- Boston Riot -- Boxing -- Bradley, Ed -- Bradley, Tom -- Braithwaite, William Stanley -- Branton, Wiley -- Brawley, Benjamin -- Briggs, Cyril -- Brimmer, Andrew F -- Broadcast Industry, African Americans in the -- Brooke, Edward -- Brookins, H Hartford -- Brooks, Gwendolyn -- Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters -- Brown, Charlotte Hawkins -- Brown, Clarence -- Brown, H Rap -- Brown, James -- Brown, Jim -- Brown, Lee -- Brown, Ron -- Brown, Sterling -- Brown, Tony -- Brown, Willie -- Brownies' book -- Brownsville Raid -- Brown v Board of education -- Broyard, Anatole -- Bryant, Kobe -- Buchann v Warley -- Bullins, Ed -- Bumstead, Horace -- Bunche, Ralph Johnson -- Burnham, Louis -- Burns, Haywood -- Burrell Communications -- Bush, George H W, Administration of -- Bush George W, Administration of -- Butler, Octavia -- Butts, Calvin -- California -- Campanella, Roy -- Caribbean -- Carmichael, Stokely -- Carnegie Corporation -- Carnegie Hall Conference -- Carroll, Diahann -- Carson, Benjamin -- Carter, Benny -- Carter, Betty -- Carter, Jimmy, Administration of -- Carter, Robert -- Carter, Ron -- Cartoonists -- Carver, George Washington -- Catlett, Elizabeth -- Chamberlain, Wilt -- Chambers, Julius -- Charitable Institutions, African American -- Charles, Ray -- Charleston, Oscar -- Chase, W Calvin -- Chase-Riboud, Barbara -- Chavis-Muhammad, Benjamin -- Chenault, Kenneth -- Chesnutt, Charles W -- Cheyney University of Pennsylvania -- Chicago -- Chicago Defender -- Chicago Riot -- Childhood -- Childress, Alice -- Childress, Alvin -- China -- Chisholm, Shirley -- Chitlin Circuit -- Choreographers -- Church, Robert R -- Church of God in Christ -- Civil Disobedience -- Civil Rights -- Civil Rights, International -- Civil Rights, State Actions and -- Civil Rights, White Responses and Resistance to -- Civil Rights Act of 1957 -- Civil Rights Act of 1960 -- Civil Rights Act of 1964 -- Civil Rights and the media -- Civil Rights Movement -- Clansman -- Clark, Mamie Phipps and Kenneth -- Clark, Septima -- Clark Atlanta University -- Clarke, John Henrik -- Class -- Clay, William, Sr -- Cleage, Albert and Pearl -- Cleaver, Eldridge -- Cleaver, Kathleen Neal -- Clemente, Roberto -- Cleveland -- Cleveland, Grover, Administration of -- Clifton, Lucille -- Clinton, Bill, Administration of -- CME Church -- Coalition of Black Trade Unionists -- Cobb, Charles, Sr and Charles Cobb Jr -- Cochran, Johnnie -- Cointelpro -- Cold War -- Cole, Bob -- Cole, Johnnetta -- Cole, Nat King -- Collectibles, Black -- Collins, Cardiss -- Colorado -- Colored American Magazine -- Coltrane, John -- Combs, Sean -- Comedians -- Comer, James -- Commission On Interracial Cooperation -- Committee Of Twelve -- Communism and African Americans -- Composers -- Conductors and Bandleaders -- Congress, African Americans in -- Congressional Black Caucus -- Congress, of African People -- Congress of Racial Equality -- Connecticut -- Connerly, Ward -- Conservatism And Conservatives, Black -- Constitution, US -- Conyers, John -- Cook, Will Marion -- Cooke, Sam -- Coolidge, Calvin, Administration of -- Cooper, Anna J -- Cortez, Jayne -- Cosby, Bill -- Cotton Club -- Council on African Affairs -- Craft, Juanita -- Criminal Justice -- Crisis, The: A Record Of The Darker Races -- Crocker, Frankie -- Crockett, George -- Crothers, Scatman -- Crown Heights Riot -- Crummell, Alexander -- Cruse, Harold Wright -- Cruz, Celia -- Cullen, Countee.
Volume 2: -- Dallas -- Dance -- Dance Theatre of Harlem -- Dandridge, Dorothy -- Dash, Damon -- Davis, Angela -- Davis, Benjamin J, Jr -- Davis, Benjamin O, Jr -- Davis, Benjamin O, Sr -- Davis, John P -- Davis, Miles -- Davis, Ossie -- Davis, Sammy, Jr -- Deacons for Defense and Justice -- Decarava, Roy -- Dee, Ruby -- Delany, Hubert T -- Delaware -- Dellums, Ronald V -- Democratic Party -- Demographics -- De Priest, Oscar -- Desegregation and Integration -- Overview -- Armed Forces -- Higher Education -- Public Education -- Professional Athletics -- Detroit -- Detroit Riots -- Detroit Riots Of 1943 -- Detroit Riots Of 1967 -- Dexter Avenue Baptist Church -- Diggs, Charles -- Dillard University -- Dinkins, David -- Discrimination -- Disfranchisement of African Americans -- Divine, Father -- Dixiecrat Party -- Dixon, Julian -- Dixon, Thomas, Jr -- Doby, Lawrence Eugene -- Domino, Fats -- Douglas, Aaron -- Douglass, Frederick, in American memory -- Dove, Rita -- Drake, St Clair -- Dr Dre -- Drew, Charles Richard -- Drugs -- Du Bois, Shirley Graham -- Du Bois, W E B -- Life and career -- Historical writing -- Literary writing -- Dunbar, Paul Laurence -- Dunbar-Nelson, Alice -- Dunham, Katherine -- Dunjee, Roscoe -- Dyer Antilynching Bill -- Dymally, Mervyn -- East Saint Louis Riot -- Ebenezer Church -- Ebony -- Economic Life -- Edelman, Marian Wright -- Edison, Harry -- Education -- Educators and Academics -- Edwards, Harry -- Edwards, Harry -- Eisenhower, Dwight D, Administration of -- Elder, Lee -- Elderly -- Elders, Joycelyn -- Ellington, Duke -- Ellison, Ralph -- Emperor Jones -- Encyclopedia of the Negro -- Entertainment industry and African Americans -- Entrepreneurship -- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission -- Espy, Michael -- Eugenics Movement -- Europe, James Reese -- Evers, Charles -- Evers, Medgar Wylie -- Evers, -Williams, Myrlie -- Executive Order 8802 -- Executive Order 9981 -- Expatriates -- Fair Employment Practices Commission -- Fair Housing Act -- Family -- Farmer, James -- Farmers and land ownership -- Farr, Mel -- Farrakhan, Louis -- Fauntroy, Walter -- Fauset, Jessie Redmon -- Federal Bureau Of Investigation -- Feminism -- Ferguson, Roger -- Film and filmmakers -- Film and television depictions of African Americans -- Fire!! -- Fishburne, Laurence -- Fisher, Rudolph -- Fisk Jubilee Singers -- Fisk University -- Fitzgerald, Ella -- Flake, Floyd -- Fletcher, Arthur -- Flipper, Henry Ossian -- Florida -- Florida A & M University -- Folklore -- Football -- Ford, Gerald, Administration of -- Ford, Harold, Jr -- Ford, Harold, Sr -- Foreign Policy -- Foreman, George -- Forman, James -- Fortune, Timothy Thomas -- Foster, Rube -- France -- Frank, Leo -- Franklin, Aretha Louise -- Franklin, C L -- Franklin, John Hope -- Franks, Gary -- Fraternal Organizations, African American -- Fraternities, University and College -- Frazier, E Franklin -- Freedom Rides -- Freedomways -- Freeman, Morgan -- Fudge, Ann -- Fuller, Meta Warrick -- Gans, Joe -- Gantt, Harvey -- Garvey, Marcus -- Gates, Henry Louis, Jr -- Gaye, Marvin -- Gender -- Genealogy -- General Education Board -- Georgia -- Gibson, Althea -- Gibson, Bob -- Gibson, Joshua -- Gillespie, Dizzy -- Gillespie, Marcia -- Giovanni, Nikki -- Glover, Danny -- Glover, Savion -- Goldberg, Whoopi -- Golf -- Goode, Wilson -- Gordon, Dexter -- Gordone, Charles -- Gordy, Berry, Jr -- Gospel Music -- Grambling State University -- Grandfather Clause -- Grandmaster Flash -- Graves, Earl G -- Great Depression -- Great Migration -- Great Migration, second -- Gregory, Dick -- Grier, Pam -- Griffey, Ken, Jr -- Griffith-Joyner, Florence -- Griggs, Sutton E -- Grimke, Angelina Weld -- Grimke, Archibald Henry -- Grimke, Francis James -- Guess Who's Coming To Dinner -- Guinier, Lani -- Gulf War -- Guy, Rosa -- Gwynn, Tony -- Hair and beauty culture -- Haiti -- Haley, Alex -- Hamer, Fannie Lou -- Hampton, Fred -- Hampton, Henry -- Hampton, Lionel -- Hampton Institute -- Hampton Negro Conferences -- Hancock, Herbie -- Handy, W C -- Hansberry, Lorraine -- Harding, Warren G, Administration of -- Harlem -- Harlem Globetrotters -- Harlem Hell Fighters -- Harlem Renaissance -- Harlem Riots -- Harlem Riots of 1935 -- Harlem Riots of 1943 -- Harlem Riots of 1964 -- Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins -- Harris, Abram, Jr -- Harris, E Lynn -- Harris, Joel Chandler -- Harris, Patricia Roberts -- Harvard, Beverly -- Hastie, William Henry -- Hastings, Alcee -- Hatcher, Richard -- Hate Crimes -- Hate Groups -- Hate Speech -- Hawaii -- Hayden, Palmer -- Hayes, Isaac -- Hayes, Rutherford B -- Haywood, Harry -- Head Start -- Health and medicine -- Hedgeman, Anna A -- Height, Dorothy -- Hemphill, Essex -- Henderson, Fletcher Hamilton, Jr -- Hendrix, Jimi -- Henry, Aaron -- Herman, Alexis -- Herndon, Angelo, case of -- Herskovits, Melville -- Higginbotham, A Leon, Jr -- Higher Education -- Highlander Folk School -- Hightower, Dennis -- Hill, Oliver W -- Hilliard, Earl -- Hip Hop -- Historians -- Historically Black Colleges and Universities -- Historiography -- Holiday, Billie -- Homelessness -- Homosexuality and transgenderism -- Hooker, John Lee -- Hooks, Bell -- Hooks, Benjamin -- Hoover, Herbert, Administration of -- Hope, John -- Hopkins, Sam Lightnin' -- Horizon -- Horne, Lena -- Horseracing -- Hose, Sam, lynching of -- House, Son -- Houston, Charles Hamilton -- Houston, Whitney -- Houston -- Houston Informer -- Houston Mutiny -- Howard University -- Howlin' Wolf -- Hudlin, Warrington and Reggie -- Hughes, Langston -- Hughes Brothers -- Hunter, Alberta -- Hunter-Gault, Charlayne -- Hunton, Alphaeus -- Hurricane Katrina -- Hurston, Zora Neale -- Hutson, Jean Blackwell -- Ice Cube -- Idaho -- Identity -- Ifill, Gwen -- Illinois -- Immigrants and African Americans -- Immigration to the United States, Black -- Indiana -- Indianapolis Freeman -- Industrial Education Movement -- Industrialization and deindustrialization -- Innis, Roy -- Insurance Companies, African American-owned -- Intellectuals -- Intelligence tests -- Internet -- Iowa -- Iraq War.
Volume 3: -- Jabbar, Kareem Abdul -- Jack and Jill of America, Inc -- Jackson, George -- Jackson, Janet -- Jackson, Jesse -- Jackson, Jesse, Jr -- Jackson, Mahalia -- Jackson, Maynard -- Jackson, Michael -- Jackson, Reggie -- Jackson, Samuel L -- Jackson, Shirley Ann -- Jackson State University -- Jacob, John -- Jakes, T D -- James, Daniel, Jr -- Jamison, Judith -- Japan -- Jay-Z -- Jazz -- Jefferson, Blind Lemon -- Jefferson, William -- Jemison, Mae -- Jet -- Jews, Black -- Jim Crow Laws -- Johnson, Charles S -- Johnson, Eddie Bernice -- Johnson, J Rosamond -- Johnson, Jack -- Johnson, James Weldon -- Johnson, John H -- Johnson, Lyndon B -- Johnson, Lyndon B, Administration of -- Johnson, Magic -- Johnson, Michael -- Johnson Publishing Company -- Jones, Elaine -- Jones, James Earl -- Jones, K C -- Jones, Lois Mailou -- Jones, Nathaniel -- Jones, Quincy -- Jones, Roy -- Joplin, Scott -- Jordan, Barbara -- Jordan, June -- Jordan, Michael -- Jordan, Vernon -- Journalism, print and broadcast -- Journal of Negro Education -- Journal of Negro History -- Journey of reconciliation -- Joyner-Kersee, Jackie -- Judges and the Judiciary -- Julian, Percy -- Julius Rosenwald Fund -- Juneteenth -- Kansas -- Karenga, Maulana Ron -- Keith, Damon -- Kennedy, Flo -- Kennedy, John F, Administration of -- Kennedy, Robert F -- Kentucky -- Kerner Commission Report -- Keyes, Alan -- Kincaid, Jamaica -- King, B B -- King, Coretta Scott -- King, Don -- King, Martin Luther, Jr -- King, Martin Luther, Jr, assassination of -- King, Martin Luther, Jr, philosophy of -- King, Martin Luther, Sr -- King, Mel -- King, Woodie -- Kirk, Ron -- Kitt, Eartha -- Knight, Etheridge -- Knight, Suge -- Komunyakaa, Yusef -- Korean War -- Krigwa players -- Ku Klux Klan -- Kwanzaa -- Lampkin, Daisy -- Language -- Larsen, Nella -- Last poets -- Latinos and Black Latinos -- Lawrence, Jacob -- Laws and legislation -- Lawson, James M -- Leadbelly -- League of Revolutionary Black Workers -- Lee, Barbara -- Lee, Don L -- Lee, Sheila Jackson -- Lee, Spike -- Legal Profession -- Leland, Mickey -- Leonard, Buck -- Leonard, Sugar Ray -- Lewis, Carl -- Lewis, Delano -- Lewis, John -- Lewis, Reginald -- Liberation Theology -- Liberia -- Lincoln, Abraham, in African American memory -- Lincoln University (Missouri) -- Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) -- Literacy tests -- Literature -- Little Richard -- Little Rock, Arkansas -- Locke, Alain -- Logan, Adela Hunt -- Logan, Rayford W -- Longview Riot -- Lorde, Audre -- Los Angeles -- Louis, Joe -- Louisiana -- Louisville, Kentucky -- Loury, Glenn -- Loving v Virginia -- Lowery, Joseph -- Lucy, William -- Lunching and mob violence -- Mabley, Moms -- McCall, H Carl -- McCarthyism -- McGruder, Aaron, and Boondocks -- McKay, Claude -- McKinlay, Whitefield -- McKinley, William, Administration of -- McKinney, Cynthia -- McKissick, Floyd B -- McMillan, Terry -- Maine -- Malcolm X -- Malcolm X, memory of -- Marches on Washington, DC -- Overview -- 1941 -- 1963 -- Marriage, mixed -- Marsalis Family -- Marshall, Paule -- Marshall, Thurgood -- Martin, Louis -- Martin Luther King Jr Day -- Martyrdom and Civil Rights -- Maryland -- Massachusetts -- Massive resistance -- Mathis, Johnny -- Matthews, Victoria Earle -- Mayfield, Curtis -- Mayors -- Mays, Benjamin E -- Mays, Willie Howard -- Medical Profession -- Meharry Medical College -- Memphis -- Meredith, James H -- Meriwether, Louise -- Messenger -- Metcalfe, Ralph -- Mfume, Kweisi -- Miami -- Micheaux, Oscar -- Michigan -- Middle class -- Military -- Military, racism in the -- Miller, Dorie -- Miller, Kelly -- Million Man March -- Mills, Florence -- Milner, Ron -- Mingus, Charles, Jr -- Minnesota -- Minstrel Tradition -- Miscegenation Laws -- Mississippi -- Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party -- Mississippi Freedom Summer -- Missouri -- Missouri ex rel Gaines V Canada -- Mitchell, Arthur -- Mitchell, Arthur W -- Mitchell, Clarence -- Mitchell, Parren -- Models -- Modern Jazz Quartet -- Mohonk Conferences on the Negro question -- Monk, Thelonious -- Montana -- Montgomery Bus Boycott -- Montgomery Conference -- Monuments, Museums, and public markers -- Moon Illustrated Weekly -- Moore, Fred R -- Moore, Harry T -- Moore, Queen Mother -- Moore, Richard -- Morehouse College -- Moreland, Mantan -- Morgan State University -- Morial, Ernest and Marc -- Morrison, Toni -- Morton, Jelly Roll -- Mosaic Templar's -- Moseley Braun, Carol -- Moses, Robert P -- Mosley, Walter -- Motley, Archibald J, Jr -- Motley, Constance Baker -- Moton, Robert Russa -- Motown -- MOVE Bombing -- Muhammad, Elijah -- Murphy, Eddie -- Murphy, Isaac -- Murray, Albert L -- Murray, Pauli -- Music -- Musical Theater -- Music Industry -- Muslims, Black -- NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund -- Nabrit, James M -- Nash, Diane -- Nashville -- National Alliance against racist and political repression -- National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People -- National Association Of Black Journalists -- National Association Of Colored Women -- National Baptist Convention -- National Baptist Publishing Board -- National Bar Association -- National Committee For The Advancement Of The Negro -- National Conference For Community And Justice -- National Conference Of Black Lawyers -- National Council Of Negro Women -- National Federation of Afro-American Women -- National Medical Association -- National Negro Business League -- National Negro Conference -- National Negro Congress -- National Newspaper Publishers Association -- National Urban League -- National Welfare Rights Organization -- Nation Of Islam -- Naylor, Gloria -- Neal, Larry -- Nebraska -- Negro: An Anthology -- Negro History Week/Month -- Negro In Art Symposium -- Negro In The South -- Negro World -- Nevada -- New Hampshire -- New Jersey -- New Left -- New Mexico -- New Negro -- New Negro -- New Orleans -- New South -- Newton, Huey P -- New York Age -- New York City -- New York City Riot -- New York State -- Niagara Movement -- Nigger Heaven -- Nix, Robert N C -- Nixon, Edgar Daniel -- Nixon, Richard, Administration of -- No Child Left Behind -- Norfolk State University -- North Carolina -- North Carolina A & T State University -- North Dakota -- Norton, Eleanor Holmes -- Notorious B I G -- NWA.
Volume 4: Obama, Barack -- Ohio -- Oklahoma -- O'Leary, Hazel -- Olympics -- O'Neal, Shaquille -- O'Neal, Stanley -- Opportunity -- Orangeburg Massacre -- Oratory and verbal arts -- Oregon -- Organized Crime -- Organized Labor -- Ovington, Mary White -- Owen, Chandler -- Owens, Major -- Page, Clarence -- Paige, Rod -- Paige, Satchel -- Pan-African Conference, London -- Pan-African Congresses, Paris and London -- Pan-Africanism -- Park, Robert E -- Parker, Charles -- Parks, Gordon, Sr -- Parks, Henry -- Parks, Rosa -- Parsons, Richard -- Passing -- Paterson, David A -- Patrick, Deval -- Patterson, William -- Patton, Charlie -- Payton, Walter -- Peabody Education Fund -- Peace Movements, International -- Peacock Records -- Pennsylvania -- Peonage -- Petry, Ann -- Phelps-Stokes Fund -- Philadelphia -- Philanthropy -- Photography and photographers -- Phylon -- Pickett, William -- Pittsburgh Courier -- Plessy v Ferguson and segregation -- Poitier, Sidney -- Political Participation -- Political Parties And Civil Rights -- Politics And Politicians -- Pollard, Fritz -- Poll Taxes -- Poor People's Campaign -- Populist Party -- Port Chicago Naval Magazine Explosion -- Porter, Dorothy -- Poussaint, Alvin -- Poverty, Culture Of -- Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr -- Powell, Adam Clayton, Sr -- Powell, Colin -- Prairie View A & M University -- Pratt, Geronimo -- Price, Leontyne -- Pride, Charley -- Primus, Pearl -- Prince -- Prisoners' Rights And Reform Movements -- Professional Organizations, African American -- Progressive National Baptist Convention -- Progressive Party (1948) -- Prohibition and temperance -- Prophet, Nancy Elizabeth -- Pryor, Richard -- Public Assistance -- Public Enemy -- Quakers -- Quarles, Benjamin -- Queen Latifah -- Race, theories of -- Racial Profiling -- Racism -- Radicalism -- Radio -- Radio and television stations, African American -- Ragtime -- Railroad Segregation -- Raines, Franklin -- Rainey, Ma -- Randolph, A Philip -- Rangel, Charles -- Reagan, Ronald, Administration of -- Redman, Joshua -- Reed, Ishmael -- Reggae -- Reid, Ira De Augustine -- Religion -- Religious communities and practices -- Reparations -- Republican Party -- Republic Of New Afrika -- Restrictive Covenants -- Rhode Island -- Rhythm and Blues -- Rice, Condoleezza -- Rice, Jerry -- Richards, Lloyd -- Rickey, Wesley Branch -- Riggs, Marlon -- Riles, Wilson -- Riots and rebellions -- Overview -- Riots during World War I -- Riots of 1919 -- Riots during World War II -- Riots and rebellions of the 1960s -- Roach, Max -- Roberts, Marcus -- Robeson, Paul -- Robinson, Bill -- Robinson, Eddie -- Robinson, Frank -- Robinson, Jackie -- Robinson, Max -- Robinson, Randall -- Robinson, Ruby Doris Smith -- Rock, Chris -- Rodney King Riots -- Rogers, Joel Augustus -- Rollins, Sonny -- Roosevelt, Eleanor, and African Americans -- Roosevelt, Franklin D, Administration of -- Roosevelt, Theodore, Administration of -- Roots -- Rowan, Carl T -- Rudolph, Wilma G -- Ruffin, Josephine St Pierre -- Run DMC -- Russell, Bill -- Rustin, Bayard -- Saar, Alison -- Saar, Betye -- Saint Louis -- Sampson, Edith -- Sanchez, Sonia -- Sanders, Barry -- San Francisco -- Savage, Augusta -- Sayers, Gale -- Schmoke, Kurt -- Schomburg, Arthur A -- Schomburg Center For Research in Black Culture -- Schuyler, George Samuel -- Science and scientists -- Scott, Emmett J -- Scott-Heron, Gil -- Scottsboro Incident -- Seale, Bobby -- Segregation -- Segregation in Federal Government -- September 11 -- Sexuality -- Shabazz, Betty -- Shakur, Assata -- Shakur, Tupac -- Shange, Ntozake -- Sharecropping -- Sharpton, Al -- Shaw, Bernard -- Shuttlesworth, Fred L -- Simmons, Russell -- Simmons, Ruth -- Simone, Nina -- Simpson, O J, trial of -- Sims, Naomi -- Single-parent households -- Singleton, John -- Sissle, Noble -- Sit-Ins -- Sixteenth Street Baptist Church -- Slater Fund -- Smiley, Tavis -- Smith, Anna Deavere -- Smith, Barbara -- Smith, Bessie -- Smith, Emmett -- Smith, Will -- Smith V Allwright -- Snipes, Wesley -- Socialist Party -- Social sciences and Civil Rights -- Sororities, University And College -- Soul Food -- Soul Music -- Souls Of The Black Folk -- South Carolina -- South Dakota -- Southern Christian Leadership Conference -- Southern Conference For Human Welfare -- Southern Education Board -- Southern politics and race -- Southern Poverty Law Center -- Southern Regional Council -- Southern University -- Southern Workman -- Sowell, Thomas -- Space Program, U S, African Americans In -- Spanish-American War -- Spelman College -- Spingarn, Arthur Barnett -- Spingarn, Joel Elias -- Spirituals -- Sports -- College and Amateur Sports -- Professional Sports -- Springfield, Illinois, Riot -- Stereotypes of African Americans -- Still, William Grant -- Stokes, Carl B -- Stokes, Louis -- Storey, Moorfield -- Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee -- Sullivan, Louis -- Sundown Towns -- Sun Ra -- Sun Records -- Supreme Court -- Supremes -- Sutton, Percy -- Sweatt v Painter -- Sweet, Ossian -- Taft, William Howard, Administration of -- Talented Tenth -- Tanner, Henry Ossawa -- Taylor, Susan -- Technology and engineering -- Television -- Temptations -- Tennessee -- Tennessee State University -- Tennis -- Terrell, Mary Church -- Texas -- Texas Southern University -- Theater -- Thomas, Clarence -- Thornton, Willie Mae -- Thurgood Marshall Law School -- Thurman, Howard -- Thurman, Wallace -- Thurmond, Strom -- Till, Emmett, lynching of -- Tolson, Melvin -- Toomer, Jean -- To Secure These Rights -- Towns, Edolphus -- Track and field -- Trotter, William Monroe -- Truman, Harry S, Administration of -- Tulsa Riot -- Turner, Henry M -- Turner, Tina -- Tuskegee Airmen -- Tuskegee experiment -- Tuskegee Farmers' Conference -- Tuskegee Institute -- Tuskegee Model Abroad -- Tyler, Ralph W -- Tyson, Mike.
Volume 5: -- Union Of Soviet Socialist Republics -- United Negro College Fund -- Universal Negro Improvement Association -- Up From Slavery -- Urbanization -- Utah -- VanDerZee, James A -- Vann, Robert L -- Vaudeville, African Americans in -- Vaughan, Sarah -- Vermont -- Vietnam War -- Villard, Oswald Garrison -- Violence Against African Americans -- Virginia -- Visual Arts -- Voting Rights -- Voting Rights Act -- Waco Lynching -- Walker, A'Lelia -- Walker, Alice -- Walker, Madam, C J -- Walker, Margaret -- Walker, Wyatt Tee -- Wallace, George -- Waller, Fats -- Ward, Clara, and the Ward Singers -- War On Poverty -- Washington, Booker T -- Washington, Denzel -- Washington, Forrester -- Washington, Harold -- Washington, Kenny -- Washington, Margaret James Murray -- Washington, DC -- Washington, DC, Riot -- Washington Bee -- Washington-Du Bois Conflict -- Washington State -- Waters, Ethel -- Waters, Maxine -- Waters, Muddy -- Watts, Andre -- Watts, J C -- Weaver, Robert C -- Wells-Barnett, Ida B -- West, Cornel -- West, Dorothy -- West Indians in the United States -- West Virginia -- Wharton, Clifton -- White, Lulu -- White, Walter -- Life and career -- Novels and other writings -- White Citizens' Council -- Whiteness -- White Primary -- White Supremacy -- Wideman, John Edgar -- Wilberforce University -- Wilder, Douglas -- Wiley College -- Wilkins, Roy O -- Williams, Bert -- Williams, Fannie Barrier -- Williams, George Washington -- Williams, Robert F -- Williams, Samuel Laing -- Williams, Serena -- Williams, Venus -- Williams v Mississippi -- Wilmington, North Carolina, Riot -- Wilson, August -- Wilson, William Julius -- Wilson, Woodrow, Administration of -- Winfield, Dave -- Winfrey, Oprah -- Wisconsin -- Women -- Women's Clubs -- Women's Suffrage -- Wonder, Stevie -- Woodruff, Hale -- Woods, Tiger -- Woodson, Carter G -- Work, Monroe N -- Work -- Works Progress Administration Slave Narratives -- World's Columbian Exposition -- World War I -- World War I And African American Women -- World War II -- World War II and African American Women -- Wright, Richard -- Wu-Tang Clan -- Wyoming -- Xavier University Of Louisiana -- Yerby, Frank -- Young, Andrew -- Young, Charles -- Young, Coleman -- Young, Lester -- Young, Whitney.
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Table of Contents for: Encyclopedia of African American history