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Papers, 1830-1928.

Book Cover
Main Author: Black, John Charles
Topics: Soldiers - Illinois - Danville. | Prairie Grove, Battle of, Ark., 1862. | Red River Expedition, 1864. | Political campaigns - Illinois. | United States. Army. Illinois Infantry Regiment, 37th (1861-1865) | United States Civil Service Commission. | United States. Attorney (Illinois : Northern District) | Grand Army of the Republic. | Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.) | Black, John Charles, 1839-1915. | Black, W. P. (William Perkins), 1842- | Fithian, William. | Black family.
Regions: Pea Ridge (Ark.), Battle of, 1863. | Arkansas - History - Civil War, 1861-1865. | Missouri - History - Civil War, 1861-1865. | Vicksburg (Miss.) - History - Siege, 1863 - Juvenile literature. | United States - Politics and government.
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Main Author: Black, John Charles, 1839-1915.
Physical Description: 9 linear feet (9 boxes + 1 oversize folder)
Notes: Includes letters from Black's father to his own sister and mother in Pennsylvania re: preaching and family. Letters from Fithian to his wife telling of problems reaching his wounded boys, dealings with sanitary fair officials, experiences at the Leesburg Army Hospital in Ark., his impressions of Southern society and freed slaves. War letters of John Black and his brother William give a strong picture of camp life, battles, army hospitals, and their personal lives. Over 4,000 letters, 1903-1913, from his time with the Civil Service Commission include letters from T. Roosevelt, G. Cleveland, W.H. Taft, Adlai Stevenson, Mrs. John Logan, Joseph G. Cannon, Frank Lowden, Horatio King, Champ Clark and others. A number of letters re: pardon of Robert E. Lee. 14 letters from A.C. Griggs in Panama re: work on the Isthmian Canal Commission. Much material related to the G.A.R. Letterpress books contain letters while Commissioner of Pensions and from 1904-1913.
Photographs transferred out of the collection.
Lawyer from Danville, Illinois who served in the 37th Illinois Infantry during the Civil War, achieving rank of Brevet Brigadier General, served as Commissioner of Pensions after appointed by Pres. Cleveland, in Congress, 1893-1895, then resigned when appointed U.S. Attorney to Northern Illinois, was appointed to the Civil Service Commission by Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, serving until 1913 when he retired. He was the son of Rev. John Black and when his father died in 1847, his mother moved to Danville, Ill. where she met and married Dr. William Fithian, who traveled to Missouri and Arkansas during the Civil War to care for his wounded son and step-sons. Black was wounded twice in battle once at Pea Ridge and once at Prairie Grove, Ark. He was at the capture of Vicksburg and Mobile and the Red River Campaign. He was also very active in the G.A.R.

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