1. What is Atlantic history? Inventing oceans / Martin W. Lewis ; The discovery of the Atlantic / Alfred W. Crosby ; The varieties of Atlantic history -- 2. Origins of the Atlantic world. The Vikings explore North America, c. 1010 ; Castilian law incorporates slaves and others before 1492 ; The Pope supports Portugal's conquest of Ceuta, 1436 ; A Portuguese expedition meets resistance in Gambia, 1455 ; Columbus arrives in the "Indies," October 11, 1492 ; Leo Africanus describes a West African world of trade, c. 1515 ; Two Atlantic inhabitants explain the origins of the sea, 1490s and 1590 ; The Portuguese-African encounter / David Northrup ; Sugar comes to the Atlantic islands / Philip D. Curtin -- 3. Iberian expansion. A Spanish jurist explains the legitimacy of conquest, 1510 ; Cortes marvels at a world of wonders, 1518-1520 ; The Tupi Indians capture a German gunner, 1550 ; Two Spaniards debate the conquest and the nature of Americans, 1547-1553 ; Mexica nobles protest the burdens of Spanish rule, 1556, 1560 ; A conquistador praises Malinche, c. 1570 ; An epic poet celebrates Portuguese exploration, 1572 ; A priest explains the origins of the people of New Spain, 1581 ; The culture of conquest / Inga Clendinnen ; How conquest shaped women's lives / Susan Midgen Socolow -- 4. European challenges to Iberian hegemony. Anne Askew meets her fate, 1546 ; A French expedition trades with hostile Indians on the Brazilian coast, 1557 ; Montaigne reflects on the meaning of barbarism, 1580 ; Walter Ralegh justifies the voyage to Guiana, 1596 ; Piet Heyn captures the Spanish fleet, 1628, 1847 ; English colonization liberates Indians, 1629 ; An Indian describes the French alliance, 1633 ; Dutch and Africans triumph in Angola, 1647 ; Northern Europeans invade the Americas / Wim Klooster ; The Dutch rebels and America / Benjamin Schmidt -- 5. The Columbian exchange. A priest accounts for the plants and animals of New Spain, 1590 ; Rats invade Bermuda, 1617-1618 ; Two governors describe the New England smallpox epidemic, 1633-1634 ; Indians respond to epidemics in New France, 1637, 1640 ; Indians complain about animal trespass, 1656-1664 ; William Dampier wrestles with his worm, 1678 ; Governor Clarkson describes the gardens of Sierra Leone, 1792 ; Joseph Dupuis complains about the fevers of the Gold Coast, 1824 ; Europe's biological conquest / Alfred W. Crosby ; Acquiring the taste for chocolate / Marcy Norton ; The peanut revolution / Donald R. Wright -- 6. Migrations. "Let them come and leave that misery": Andres Chacon writes home to Spain, 1570 ; Colonial investors lure servants overseas, 1618, 1664 ; Marie of the Incarnation finds clarity in Canada, 1652 ; Two Germans debate the merits of Pennsylvania, 1684, 1738 ; Slaves endure the middle passage, 1693 ; Peter Kolb explains why he migrated to the Cape of Good Hope, and then returned home, 1704, 1713 ; Elizabeth Sprigs begs for help, 1756 ; An Afro-British abolitionist recalls his childhood captivity, 1787 ; Adaptation and survival / Alison Games ; The mental world of the captive / John Thornton -- 7. Atlantic economies. Creatures become commodities, 1516, 1634 ; Jean de Lery describes the Brazilwood trade, 1578 ; Richard Whitbourne praises the Newfoundland fishery, 1622 ; Indians toil in Guatemala, 1648 ; Sugar planters transform Barbados, 1647-1650 ; An English trader scouts for opportunities on the slave coast, 1682 ; Louis XIV regulates slavery in the colonies, 1685 ; Two political economists evaluate the discovery of America, 1776, 1867 ; What did China have to do with American silver? / Dennis O. Flynn and Arturo Giraldez ; What did the Dutch have to do with sugar in the Caribbean? / J.H. Galloway -- 8. Pirates, runaways, and rebels. Pirates sail under the jolly roger, 1684, 1743 ; A Spanish priest among the Pueblo Indians complains of harassment and danger, 1696 ; Employers advertise for the return of runaways in Pennsylvania, 1739-1753 ; Silver miners revolt in New Spain, 1766 ; Lady Anne Barnard praises the swift punishment of a slave, 1797 ; Manoel da Silva Ferreira's slaves propose a treaty, 1806 ; The Atlantic's working class / Peter Linebaugh and Marcus Rediker ; Resistance on the margins / Paul Lokken -- 9. Religion, culture, and society. Africans and Afro-Caribbean people convert to Christianity, 1491, 1736 ; John Rolfe explains why he wants to marry Pocahontas, 1614 ; Christians discover "heathen" ideas of the afterlife, 1636, 1777 ; The Dutch West India Company recruits Jews to the "wild coast" of America, 1657 ; Artists depict three visitors to London, 1710, 1750 ; A Christian convert celebrates her faith, 1768-70 ; John Stedman describes Paramaribo, 1770s ; Hector St. John de Crevecoeur contrasts Americans and Europeans, 1782 ; Catholic saints among the Maya / Nancy M. Farriss ; Parallel belief systems in Kongo / James H. Sweet -- 10. Imperial contests. Samuel Winthrop deplores the French attack on Antigua, 1667 ; A Dutch West India Company official defends the Company's fort system in West Africa, 1717 ; Imperial wars challenge colonial subjects, 1738-1757 ; Spain reasserts control over colonial affairs, 1768, 1770 ; Joseph Sewall praises God for English success, 1762 ; Colonial subjects resist reform, 1765, 1781 ; Lady Anne Barnard praises the strategic value of the Cape, 1797 ; Constraints on reform / Pamela Voekel ; Constraints on war / J.R. McNeill -- 11. Empires and independence. Thomas Paine justifies American independence, 1776 ; The United States and Haiti declare independence, 1776, 1804 ; Refugees flee from revolutions, 1779-1809 ; Irish revolutionaries adopt a radical catechism, 1797 ; A British officer recommends the use of black soldiers in the British West Indies, 1801 ; Our Lady of Pueblito supports the crown, 1801 ; A South American revolutionary looks to the future, 1815 ; Brazil becomes an independent monarchy, 1815, 1822 ; Where did American nationalism come from? / Benedict Anderson ; Why did the British West Indies remain loyal? / Andrew Jackson O'Shaughnessy -- 12. Social revolution. Francisco de Miranda comments on republican manners, 1783-1784 ; Free citizens of color claim their rights, 1789 ; Women in the United States assert themselves, 1793, 1795 ; France devises a new republican calendar, 1793 ; New nations define citizenship, 1776-1847 ; A radical priest marches in New Spain, 1810 ; African-American exiles declare independence in Liberia, 1847 ; How a shoemaker became a citizen / Alfred F. Young ; What were the Africans in St. Domingue fighting for? / John K. Thornton -- 13. Twilight of slavery. Thomas Jefferson wrestles with slavery, 1785 ; The king of Asante explains the importance of the slave trade, 1820 ; A British magistrate oversees freedom in St. Vincent, 1835-1838 ; Two slaves learn to read, 1839, 1845 ; Alexis de Tocqueville advocates emancipation in the French West Indies, 1843 ; A Brazilian slave escapes to freedom in New York, 1847 ; Slavery crumbles in the United States and Brazil, 1864, 1888 ; Thomas Phipson condemns polygamy and slavery in Natal, 1876 ; How did Atlantic slavery come to an end? / Martin Klein ; What does gender have to do with emancipation / Diana Paton and Pamela Scully -- 14. An age of "free" migration. President Boyer of Haiti appeals to free blacks in the United States, 1821-1824 ; Matilda Skipwith meets with sorrow in Liberia, 1848-1858 ; Thomas Phipson asks for migrants, labor, and hedges in Natal, 1849 ; A journalist describes an immigrant vessel, 1849-1850 ; The British empire welcomes Chinese workers, 1862-1864 ; The transatlantic cable connects the continents, 1866 ; Polish immigrants describe opportunities in Brazil, 1891 ; Jewish immigrants celebrate independence day in Argentina, 1910 ; Freedom and consent in the recruitment of African labor / David Northrup ; Deception and coercion in the recruitment of African labor / Monica Schuler -- 15. Legacies. Spain and the United States celebrate Columbus, 1892-1893 ; Canada recognizes aboriginal rights, 1982 ; American Indians respond to the Columbian quincentennial, 1990 ; Pan-African activists demand reparations for slavery, 1993 ; The British House of Lords debates reparations for slavery, 1996 ; Matthew Coon Come condemns the economic status of First Nations people, 2001 ; Sarah Baartmann goes home, 2002 ; An American president commemorates the slave trade, 2003 ; Did Europeans commit genocide in the Americas? / James Axtell ; How the movement for slave reparations has gone global / Martha Biondi.
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